Modern Greek Studies Association


Steve Frangos: An Archive of Popular Writings in Greek American History and Music (1985-2016)

In 2017, a scholar in a major U.S. Modern Greek studies program made me an offer I could not resist: to share with me his extensive archive of the writings of Steve Frangos, one of the most prolific popular historians of Greek America. These works, the majority in the form of newspaper clippings that had appeared in various Greek American media outlets, provided a unique opportunity, I felt, to make publicly available, in one place, a significant corpus of public history. In addition to his published work in scholarly journals and encyclopedias, Steve Frangos has been writing regularly and frequently in the Greek American press. His research has been featured in the now defunct The Greek American (1986-2002) and The Greek Star (1968-2015), and it continues to appear primarily in the English-language edition of The National Herald, as well as in the Greek Orthodox Observer. This public circulation places Frangos in a unique position to shape Greek America’s historical memory, a position of power that renders this archive all the more important. For his work, Frangos draws from a wide variety of resources, but more significantly from his extensive research in various Greek American archives scattered across the country, as well as in municipal and national libraries and archives. He offers a wealth of information and insights on subjects often forgotten or marginalized by the community or excluded from official history. His work identifies emerging cultural phenomena such as grassroots activism to preserve community history and heritage, a phenomenon he calls “a new preservation movement”. Frangos’s writings open up venues for new research directions but also invite reflection on a larger historiographical question: How is Greek American history written for public consumption? What knowledge does the historian produce, and how does he interpret it?

Historians praise Frangos. Dan Georgakas, for instance, singles him out as “the single most prolific and knowledgeable person writing regularly about the history of the Greeks in America.” Indeed, his contributions have been immense. Frangos often adopts a critical posture, charging U.S. Modern Greek studies programs for neglecting the study of Greek America. There is no doubt that his work requires further discussion. As a step toward this direction I have invited Dan Georgakas to share his thoughts on Frangos's place in Greek American studies. I am also contributing an essay.

The archive is organized in two categories: Writings about (1) history and (2) music. The first folder, “Steve Frangos: An Archive of Popular Writings in Greek American History (1996-2016),” contains 116 articles, while the second, “Steve Frangos: An Archive of Popular Writings in Greek American Music (1985-2016),” contains 40 articles.1 Included in this latter collection are several archival articles published in the magazine Resound. I have compiled a bibliography for each folder (History or Music), occasionally incorporating keywords, in brackets, in the titles, for the convenience of the archive’s researchers. As one would expect, there is some overlapping between the two categories, which makes my classification of some entries, such as those on early Greek American dancers, under history rather than music, somewhat arbitrary.

To the corpus I received by the donor, who prefers to remain anonymous, I have added my own collection mostly from Frangos’s pieces in The GreekAmerican, which I was keenly collecting, scissors in hand, in the 1990s, when I was a graduate student. To be sure, the archive is far from complete for the time span it covers. In the selected list of published newspaper and magazine articles (1991–2018) that appear in Frangos’s CV, included in this archive, I counted more than 575 articles on history and more than 75 in music. Important gaps in this archive, then, need to be filled. Additional work also remains to be done in relation to the available material, such as more expansive identification of keywords for each entry, as well as, possibly, annotation.

But this project is a valuable, necessary beginning. I consider it work in progress. I hope it will spark conversation among archivists, librarians, and scholars regarding the systematic digitization of archival material by institutions collecting Greek American material.

“Steve Frangos: An Archive of Popular Writings in Greek American History and Music” is a collective achievement, and bringing it to fruition has been time and labor intensive. I thank the donor for generously entrusting me with the material. I express my appreciation to Antonis Diamataris, the editor of The National Herald, who recognized the value of the project and granted the Modern Greek Studies Association (MGSA) permission to post it here. Elaine Thomopoulos was instrumental in our effort to contact both the publisher as well as Steve Frangos, to secure his permission. We are very grateful for their cooperation and generosity. In addition, Tina Bucuvalas shared with me Steve Frangos’s CV, archival photographs, and his unpublished manuscript on singer Yiorgos Katsaros. I thank the department of Classics at The Ohio State University for offering supporting resources. Many thanks go to Khalid Jama for his administrative assistance and Kenny Lok for the digitizing. My appreciation goes to Roland Moore for technical support. I created the bibliographies. I am delighted to have this project posted on the MGSA website, a hospitable hub for Greek American and Greek diaspora material.

Yiorgos Anagnostou
Modern Greek Program
Department of Classics
The Ohio State University

March 2018

Notes

1. I have also included an unpublished manuscript entitled, “Yiorgos Katsaros: Last of the Greek-Americans Cafè-Aman Singers (c. 1992, Indiana University, Bloomington), a version of which has been published as “The Last Cafe-Aman Performer” in the Journal of Modern Hellenism (12-13, 1995-1996).

Frangos Curriculum Vitae up to 2014

"Advice on Getting Published." The National Herald, June 23, 2007, pp. 1, 5.

"All Things Greek: The Story of an Important Sculpture." The National Herald, November 30-December 1, 2002, p. 11.

"All Things Greek." The National Herald [no additional bibliographical information]

[Editor's note: This is a version closely following the one above entitled, "All Things Greek: The Story of an Important Sculpture."

"American Katharevousa: Just a Legend." The National Herald, May 14, 2005, pp. 1, 7.

"American Monuments of Greeks." The National Herald, October 22, 2011, pp. 1, 3.

[Editor's note: A stain on page 3, second column on top, makes difficult to read a particular passage in print. In the original it reads, "came to the New World in 1768 as settlers of the historic New Smyrna Colony of Florida by Americans proud of their Hellenic Heritage who cherish their participation in the great ideals of democracy and freedom as embodied in our American way of life…"]


"Bloody Thursday and the Great West Coast Maritime Strike of 1934." The National Herald [no additional bibliographical information].

"Book Tells Story about Greeks in Washington State." The National Herald, January 4, 2006, pp. 1, 5.


"Captain Costentenus: The Tattooed Greek of New York City." The National Herald, June 3, 2006, p. 7.

"Cemeteries of St John Church in Pueblo, Colorado." The National Herald [no additional bibliographical information].

"Continuing Faith and Fervor of Utah's Greek Community." The National Herald, January 13, 2007, p. 6.

"Counterfeiters Gave Greeks A Bad Name." The National Herald, December 16, 2006, pp. 1, 5.


"Dancers of the Early 20th Century." Part 1. The National Herald, January 19, 2008, pp. 1, 7.

Editor's note: For Part 3 see below under "Greek Dancers and Dance Teams [from] the 1920s through the 1960s: The Condos Brothers." Part 3. The National Herald, 2008.

"The Dimitry Family of Fabled New Orleans." The National Herald, September 24, 2005, pp. 1, 4.

"Dispelling our Notions about Who Is Greek and Who Isn't." The National Herald [no additional bibliographical information].


"Early Anti-Greek Attacks In New York." The National Herald, February 3, 2007, pp. 1, 4.

"Early Greek Dancers Make A Splash in North America." The National Herald, August 5, 2006, pp. 1, 5.

"Early Greek Dancers Worked Hollywood." The National Herald, pp. 1, 6 [no additional bibliographical information].

"Eulogy for the Diana Sweet Shoppe." The National Herald March 1-2, 2003, pp. 1, 6–7.

"Exhibiting the Greek American Experience, Community Keeps its History Alive." The National Herald, November 25, 2006.


"The Filmography and Hollywood Careers of the Condos Brothers Dancers." (Part 4). The National Herald [no additional bibliographical information].

"The First Greeks in US Politics." The National Herald, pp. 1, 7 [no additional bibliographical information]

"The First Wave of Greek Vaudevillians." (Part 1). The National Herald, September 6, 2008.

"Food for Thought: The Greek Cook Book in North America." The National Herald, November 19, 2005, pp. 1, 6.


"George Heraklides: Model Titan." The National Herald, December 30, 2006, pp. 1, 8.

"God's Other Children." The GreekAmerican, May 11, 1996, pp. 14, 18. "Greek Aires." The GreekAmerican, January 3, 1998, p. 14.

"The Grecian Gladiators: One of Vaudeville's Greatest Acts." The National Herald, March 19, 2005, pp. 1, 5.

"The Greek Actors During Hollywood's Silent Era." Part 1. The National Herald, July 14, 2012, pp. 1, 5.

Editor's Note: This is a two-part essay; the file labeled with the above title also contains the second part: "Greek Actors of the Silent Film Era." Part 2. The National Herald, July 21 [?], 2012, pp. 1, 7.

"Greek Aires and The 1821 War Relief." The GreekAmerican, April 27, 1996, p. 12.

"Greek-American Boxers: An Oft-Ignored Segment of U.S. Hellenic History." The National Herald, June 29-July 5, 2013, p. 7.

"Greek American Commandos of World War II: Behind-Enemy-Lines in Greece." The National Herald, October 31-November 6, 2009, p. 9.

"Greek-American History: Hardly Antiquarian, Reestablishment Underway." The National Herald, July 26-August 2, 2014, p. 5.

"The Greek-American Kafeneion." The National Herald, September 13-19, 2014, pp. 1, 7.

"The Greek Battalion: Unraveling the Story of a Special Group of Greek Americans." The National Herald [no additional bibliographical information].

"The Greek Diaspora and Early American Cinema." The National Herald, pp. 1, 7 [no additional bibliographical information]

"Greek Dancers and Dance Teams [from] the 1920s through the 1960s: The Condos Brothers." Part 3. The National Herald, 2008 [no additional bibliographical information].

"Greek Gandy Dancers Help America Open Its Railroads." The National Herald, April 21, 2007, p. 5.

"Greek Gandy Dancers Were Often Attacked." The National Herald, April 28, 2007, pp. 1, 7.

"Greek Gandy Dancers Met With Hostility." The National Herald, May 5, 2007, pp. 1,5.

"Greek Labor In 19th-20th Century U.S." Part 1. The National Herald, June 23-29, 2012, pp. 1, 7.

"[Greek Labor In 19th-20th Century U.S.":] The Warning Shot in 1911 None Heard." Part 2. The National Herald, June 30-July 6, 2012, pp. 1, 5.

"The Greek Lafayette and His Legion of Legend." The National Herald, June 30, 2012, pp. 14, 16.

"The Greek Outsiders: Artists Lost to Hellenism [John W. Perates]." Part 2. The National Herald [no additional bibliographical information].

"The Greek Outsiders: Artists Lost to Hellenism – Chicago's Peter and Helen Contis." Part 3. The National Herald, June 13 [?], 2009.

"The Greek Outsiders: Artists Lost to Hellenism [Tom Stefopoulos]." Part 4. The National Herald [no additional bibliographical information].

"Greek Rogue of the American West." Part 1. The National Herald, December 13, 2008, pp. 1, 3.

"Greek Rogue of the American West." Part 2. The National Herald, p. 2. [no additional bibliographical information].

"Greek Rogue of the American West." Part 3. The National Herald, January 10, 2009, pp. 1, 6.

"A Greek-Speaking America? The Power of Popular Myth." The National Herald, August 19, 2000, pp. 1–2.

"Greek Theater in New York City." The GreekAmerican, May 23, 1998, p. 14.

"Greek Tobacco Moguls in America." Part 1. The National Herald, June 12-13, 2004, pp. 1, 5.

"Greek Tobacco Moguls in America." Part 2. The National Herald, 2004, pp. 1, 4 [no additional bibliographical information].

"Greek Tobacco Moguls in America." Part 3. The National Herald, June 26-27, 2004, pp. 1, 5.

"Greek War Relief: Hellenic Americans' Finest Hour." The National Herald, October 31, 2009, pp. 1, 8.

"Greeks And Coffeehouses Now Forever Linked In the Urbanite Mind." The National Herald, June 18, 2005, pp. 1, 4.

"Greeks and Popular American Song." The National Herald, August 16, 2008, pp. 1, 5.

"Greeks in Phoenix: Hellenism in the Valley of the Sun." The National Herald, July 4, 2009.

"The Greeks in the Western Hemisphere: Much to Read and Much to Explore." The National Herald [no additional bibliographical information].

"Greeks Left Their Mark on Pro Wrestling." The National Herald, November 4, 2006, pp. 1, 5.

"Greeks of the Silver Screen" "The GreekAmerican", October 11, 1997, p. 14.

"The Greeks of Tarpon Springs." The National Herald, February 28, 2009, pp. 1, 6.

"Greeks Served in Civil War." The National Herald, August [?] 25, 2005, pp. 1, 4.

"Grocery Store Greeks." Part 2. The GreekAmerican, July 18, 1998, p. 12.


"Hellenes in America During Greek War of Independence." The National Herald, pp. 1, 4 [no additional bibliographical information].

"Hellenic Spirit Firmly Rooted in New Orleans." The National Herald, September 10, 2005, pp. 1, 4.

"His Honor The Mayor (Panagiotou)." The GreekAmerican, March 8, 1997, p. 14.

"The Historical Monkeyshines of G. Sacco Albanese." The National Herald [no additional bibliographical information]. [Editor's note: The year of publication is most probably 2007, when I printed the article]

"A 'History Room' in Every Parish." The National Herald, August 15, 2009, pp. 1, 10.

"How Did Those Greek Festivals Get Started In America?" The National Herald, June 2, 2007, p. 1, 5.

"How the Tsintzinians Conquered America." The National Herald, August 1-7, 2015, pp. 1, 7.


"Is Demography Destiny?" The GreekAmerican, September 6, 1997, p. 14.


"J. London's 'Tales of the Fish Patrol.'" The National Herald, March 25, 2006, pp. 1, 7.


"Landmarks of the Past: How Oregon's Greek Community Was Shaped." The National Herald, October 16-22, 2010.

"The Legend of a Fiend: John 'Blackjack' Jerome and Violent Streakbreaking." The National Herald, September 24-30, 2016, p. 5.

"Let Us Save the Forgotten Greek American Press." The National Herald, June 16, 2007, pp. 1, 4.

"Looking for Easter." The GreekAmerican, August 3, 1996, p.12.

"The Lost History of New York City." The GreekAmerican, June 21, 1997, p. 14.


"Mile High City Greeks: Early Struggles And Triumphs." The National Herald, April 25, 2009.

"More than they Were Given." The GreekAmerican, May 31, 1997, p. 15, 21. [Keywords: Greek American Doughboys, George Dilboy.]


"The Natural History of the Greek American Sandwich." The National Herald, April 9, 2005, pp. 1, 4.

"Nea Historia: The Meaning and Significance of Greek American Autobiography." The National Herald, February 6-12, 2010, p. 4.

"Nicky Zographos and the Greek Syndicate: When Mysterious Greeks Ruled the Riviera." The National Herald, July 25, 2009, pp. 1, 7.


"October 26, 2005: A Great Day for Pueblo and Greek American Studies. The National Herald, November 26, 2005, pp. 1, 6.

"Oh, Those Sweet Greek Americans!" The National Herald, April 30, 2005, pp. 1, 10, 18.

"The Ongoing Surge to the Sea: Greeks in Oregon and Southwest Washington." The National Herald, April 24, 2010, pp. 1, 7.

"The Origins and Myths of AHEPA." The National Herald, July 1, 2006, pp. 1, 4.


"Pangalos and the 1893 World's Fair." The National Herald, March 8, 2008, pp. 1, 7.

"Philip Tedro: A Greek/Arab Legend of the American West." The National Herald, January 7, 2006, pp. 1, 5.

"Photographs Outside of History: What they Reveal." The National Herald, August 19, 2006, pp. 1, 5.

"Photographs that Live! [Hatziminas Collection]." The GreekAmerican, January 10, 1998, p. 12.

"Picturing the Modern Greeks." Greek•American Review. A National Monthly Magazine, October 1996, p. 5–7.

"The Pioneers of Confection in America." The National Herald, February 21, 2004, pp. 1, 5.

"A Poker Game Brought Him to Hawaii: George 'Duke of Sparta' Lycurgus." The National Herald, August 20-26, 2016, p. 5.

"A Preliminary Review of the Formation of Greek-American Political Clubs." Part 1. The National Herald, 2013 [no additional bibliographical information].

Editor's Note: This is a three-part essay; the file labeled with the above title contains all three.

Part 2: "Legal Issues Result in Creation of Early Greek-American Political Clubs." Part 2. The National Herald, January 26-February 1, 2013, p. 7.

Part 3: "Democrats or Republicans? Looking at the Early Greek-Am. Political Clubs." Part 3. The National Herald, February 2-8, 2013, p. 7.

"Presenting Nicholas Marino Benachi: American South's Lost Hellene." The National Herald, August 27-28, 2016, p. 5.

"Process to Americanize Karagiozis." The National Herald, February 28-March 6, 2015, pp. 1, 7.


"Remembering New Greektown of Chicago's Hellenic Districts." The National Herald, December 2, 2006, pp. 1, 5.

"Revisiting the Legend of the Forty Orphans of the Greek Revolution." The National Herald, Vol. 13 (633), pp. 1, 7.

"The Rocky Mountain Hellenes: The Early Greeks of Denver." The National Herald, March 7, 2009, pp. 1, 7.

"Rocky Mountain Jewel Preparing to Celebrate Its 100th Anniversary." The National Herald, September 2005 [?] [no additional bibliographical information].

"Rural Patriotes [Illinois Greeks]." The GreekAmerican, July 19, 1997, p. 14.


"Saint Photios Shrine Tells Story of New Smyrna Colony." The National Herald, January 14, 2006.

"Segalos and The Valencia Sinking Saga." The National Herald, May 29, 2010, pp. 1, 4.

"The Strange Silence Concerning John Sainpolis." The National Herald, December 23, 2006.

"Support Collectivism in New Preservation Movement." The National Herald, February 13, 2010, pp. 1, 5.

"Sweet Memories." The GreekAmerican, December 27, 1997, p. 12.

"The Sweet Smell of Success." The National Herald, January 2-3, 2004, pp. 1, 5.


"Tales of Greek Slavery in 19th Century America." The National Herald, January 15, 2000, pp. 1, 9.

Thoughts on March 25th: We are Greeks." The National Herald, March 24, 2007, pp. 1, 6.

"Tracing the History and Origins of the Gyro." The National Herald, April 23, 2005, pp. 1, 5.

"Tracing the History of an Old Photograph." The National Herald [no additional bibliographical information].

"Traditional Greek Folk Life of Florida: Preserving Hellenism." The National Herald, May 23, 2009, pp. 1, 7. [co-authored with Tina Bucuvalas]

"The Turkish Bushwhacking of Hi Jolly and Greek George." The National Herald, August 23, 2008.

"Al Bowlly: The Jazzy, Hellenic Prince of 'Modern Style Singing' Conquered U.K." Part 1. The National Herald, December 19-24, 2009.

"Al Bowlly Crooned His Way through Dazzling U.S. Tour, Died in London Blitz." Part 2. The National Herald, December 26, 2009-January 1, 2010.

"The American Clubs: Café Aman or Speakeasy?" The GreekAmerican, May 11, 1991, p. 9.


"Betty George: The Greek Song Goddess." The National Herald, March 19-25, 2011.


"Café Aman America: A Musical Tribute to the First Greek Immigrants in America." The National Herald, December 12-18, 2009, p. 6.

"Café Amans: The Global Circuit." The GreekAmerican, April 27, 1991, p. 11.

"Classic Greek-Americana." The GreekAmerican, April 13, 1991, p. 15.


"Demetriades: Muse of the Music World." The National Herald, November 29-December 5, 2014 [?], pp. 1, 7.

"Dino X. Papas: The Golden Greek of Detroit." The GreekAmerican, April 6, 1991, pp. 18–19.


"The First Records in America." The GreekAmerican, April 20, 1991, p. 19.

"Forgotten Sirens of Ameriki: Earliest Voices Echo in Recordings and Memory." The National Herald, January 8-14, 2011, pp. 1, 5.


"Greek Island Music Lives On With Grecophon Record's Legacy." The National Herald, February 5, 2005, pp. 1, 4.

"Greek Music in America" (Six entries all in one file)

1. "Greek Music in America: John K. Gianaros: Musician and Composer." The GreekAmerican, September 14, 1991, p. 13.

2. "Greek Music in America: The Café Aman Scene in New York City." The GreekAmerican, September 28, 1991, p. 16.

3. "Greek Music in America: Prohibition Comes to the Café Amans." The GreekAmerican, October 5, 1991, p. 14.

4. "Greek Music in America: 'Charlie' Gadinis: The Greek Benny Goodman." The GreekAmerican, October 19, 1991, p. 16.

5. "Greek Music in America: The Catskill Mountains." The GreekAmerican, November 16, 1991.

6. "Greek Music in America: The Balkan Record Company of New York City." The GreekAmerican, November 23, 1991.

"Greek Music In U.S. and Intro to Hi-Fi." The National Herald, March 21-27, 2015, pp. 1, 7.

"Greek-American Classic Guitar Master Papas." The National Herald, March 14-20, 2015, pp. 1, 7.

"Greek-American Family Record Collections: Family Record Collections as Research Sources." Resound: A Quarterly of the Archives of Traditional Music, VIII (4): October 1989. Pp. 1, 3–6.

"Greek-American Jazzists of Twentieth Century." The National Herald, June 13-19, 2015, pp. 1, 7.


"The Hellenic Music of Yesteryear: 1st Greek Singers in the United States." The National Herald, October 25-31, 2014, p. 13.

"Historian of Greek Music Pouliopoulos." The National Herald, May 3-9, 2014, p. 1, 7.


"The Image of Greek Music in America." The GreekAmerican, December 3-9, 1994, p. 15.

"Informant as Authority [Dino Pappas]." The GreekAmerican, May 25, 1991, p. 15.


"The Kanarini of Ameriki: Madame Koula." The National Herald, September 29, 2007.


"Large Record Collectors: The Unrecognized Authorities." Resound: A Quarterly of the Archives of Traditional Music, X (2): April 1991.

"Liturgical Recordings on 78RPM." The National Herald, November 21-27, 2015 [?]. pp. 1, 7.

"The Lost Apollo Music Company." The National Herald, March 8-9, 2003 [?], pp. 1, 5.


"Marimba Bands, Hawaii Guitars and You: Early Greek Love Songs on Commercial Records." The National Herald, February 18, 2006, pp. 5, 20.


"Of Saints and Singers: The Liturgy Music." The National Herald, January 9-15, 2016, pp. 1, 5.


"Portraits in Modern Greek Music: Rosa Eskenazi. The GreekAmerican, April 20, 1996, p. 12.


"Record Collectors and the Historical Record." The GreekAmerican, March 23, 1991.

"Rediscovering the History of Greek Sheet Music in the United States." The National Herald, March 17-23, 2012, p. 6.

"Remembering Stratakos, Early Jazz Musician." The National Herald, pp. 1, 7 [no additional bibliographical information].


"The Search for Greek Music's Past in N. America." The National Herald, April 18-24, 2015, pp. 1, 7.

"Setting the Record Straight." The GreekAmerican, August 2, 1997, p. 14.

"Songs of an Indiana Island: The Grecophon Record Company of Gary, Indiana." Resound: A Quarterly of the Archives of Traditional Music, IV (3): July 1985.


"Tradition for Mixed Voices." The GreekAmerican, August 8, 1998, pp. 14, 19.


"Yiorgos Katsaros" (Thesis)." 1992.